Latest Updates on GST Rate for Gold in India 2024

The Indian government has recently proposed significant changes to the Goods and Services Tax (GST) rules pertaining to gold, with notable implications for the gold market in the coming years. Under the proposed changes, the GST on gold will be standardized at a fixed percentage of 4%. This marks a departure from the current system, where the GST rate on gold is determined based on factors such as weight and purity. Additionally, the government intends to introduce a new e-invoicing system for gold transactions, aimed at streamlining the invoicing process and facilitating compliance with GST regulations by gold businesses.


The introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) has had a profound impact on the gold market in India. While the price of gold itself is generally not subject to GST, various stages of its supply chain, from procurement to manufacturing, are subject to the tax. Understanding the nuances of GST on gold, especially in 2024, is crucial for anyone looking to invest in or purchase gold.

What is GST on Gold?

GST, or Goods and Services Tax, is a tax levied on the supply of goods and services in India. The GST rate on gold varies depending on factors such as the type of gold and associated services. For instance, while precious stones are taxed at a rate of 0.25%, gold bars, coins, and jewelry are subject to a GST rate of 3%.

Impact of GST on Gold

The implementation of GST on gold has led to several significant effects on the gold industry:

  1. Price Increase: The shift to a higher GST rate, from 1.2% to 3%, has resulted in a rise in the price of gold. This increase has dampened overall demand for gold, affecting its liquidity as an investment asset.
  2. GST on Gold Jewelry: Gold jewelry is subject to a GST rate of 5%, which encompasses making charges. This has led to variations in making charges among jewelers, influencing the overall GST on gold coins and ornaments.
  3. Improved Transparency: The GST framework mandates meticulous recording of all gold transactions, fostering transparency and accountability within the sector. However, concerns linger regarding the compliance of unorganized segments of the industry.
  4. Other Factors: Various factors, including high liquidity, exchange rates, reduced gold mining, and fluctuations in international gold prices, contribute to the overall pricing dynamics of gold in the GST regime.

GST Calculation on Gold

The calculation of GST on gold involves intricate considerations, including the base price of gold, basic customs duty, making charges, and applicable GST rates. These factors collectively determine the total value of gold and associated GST liabilities.

GST Exemptions and Input Tax Credits

Certain exemptions from GST apply to specific scenarios, such as the supply of gold by designated agencies to gold jewelry exporters. Additionally, businesses engaged in gold mining and distribution may avail themselves of input tax credits for GST paid on raw materials and related expenses.

Considerations Before Investing in Gold

Investors and consumers should consider various factors before engaging in gold transactions, including the purity of gold, quality standards, fluctuations in gold prices, and tax implications under the GST regime.

In conclusion, the proposed changes to the GST rules for gold in India signify a significant shift in the taxation framework for the precious metal. Understanding these changes and their implications is crucial for stakeholders in the gold industry and those seeking to invest in or purchase gold in India.


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